Sierra County Commission passes resolution urging Governor to open all businesses

by Kathleen Sloan | April 21, 2020
4 min read
​The Sierra County Commission unanimously passed a resolution that will go straight to Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham’s office asking her to give special consideration to Sierra County—which has no corona virus cases—allowing it to open up businesses while exercising precautions. 

Commissioners Travis Day and Frances Luna made it clear the County does not have the authority to open up businesses and Chairman Jim Paxon said the resolution “is a plea to the Governor.” 

All three Commissioners said the economic impact to the area will be too great to ever recover from if businesses remain closed much longer. 

Day said ranchers are dumping milk for lack of demand. 

Paxon said he has two family members who need medical care but can’t get it and the federal payment protection plan has already “dried up” for small businesses. 

Luna said hairdressers already observe practices that prevent transfer of infection from one customer to the next and “I want to get my roots done.”  

She also read an online comment that came in while the meeting was streaming on Facebook that said Elephant Butte should remain closed until July 1. If that were to happen, Luna said “we would never recover from the economic impact.” 

Luna refuted another comment that said opening up Elephant Butte Lake would bring thousands of out-of-county people to the area, increasing the likelihood of contagion, endangering the local elderly population. 

“People are already coming here to shop because the county has no cases,” Luna said, claiming the area is already exposed to thousands of outsiders. There have been no cases in Sierra County because people have exercised precautions, she said. 

“The Governor did not think this out,” Luna said. “We are going to have a serious economic depression.” 

All three Commissioners emphasized personal responsibility, not governmental restrictions, will keep the county safe if businesses open. 

The County Commission resolution supposedly mirrors the New Mexico Business Coalition’s plan for phased reopening of all businesses; however the resolution was not included in the meeting packet on the County website. 

In the Coalition’s plan, it compares New Mexico to Taiwan, a logical fallacy, according to Patricia Kearney, who submitted a written public comment read by Paxon. 

“The comparison to Taiwan is meaningless,” Kearney said. “Taiwan has greater testing” and monitoring and “it is more prosperous.” She noted only 107 tests have been done in Sierra County, less than 1 percent of the population, making it unknowable how many people are infected. 

She said a better comparison would be between like countries, such as Sweden and Finland. Sweden conducted business as usual and Finland closed down. Kearney cited statistics that showed Sweden has about 10 times the death rate and five times the infection rate compared to Finland. 

Lee Foerstner, in his public comment read by Paxon, said, “Sweden is no worse off” for its hands-off policy toward the virus. 

He said other health issues are deadlier than the virus and pointed out the County has no cases and only “170,000” have died worldwide.  

“The cure is worse than the disease,” Foerstner said, and government is treating its citizens “like children.” 

The Governor “should be reminded taxes pay her salary,” Foerstner said, and “It’s time to end the hoax.” 

Susan Carlstedt asked if the County is going to make sure there are enough masks available to the public if it is advocating opening up businesses. She noted none are available at essential businesses. 

Robert Sanchez Langston observed the New Mexico Business Coalition’s plan says nothing about testing, necessary to determine the infection rate, which is in turn necessary to determine safety. 

Deborah Nicole said Sierra County is elderly and has a high incidence of obesity, heart disease and other health issues particularly susceptible to the corona virus. She recommended following the Governor’s time table for opening businesses, given it has superior access to data and experts. “The County Commission doesn’t have the resources or expertise to decide,” she said. 

Luanne Johnson supported the resolution, claiming 650,000 die of heart disease and 600,000 from cancer a year and the corona virus “is not the greatest threat” to people’s health. 

Robin Tuttle also said the Governor has the authority and access to data to make the decision when businesses should open. She said she’s gone out one time since March 15, and will be “annoyed” if businesses “open prematurely, putting us at risk.” 

Kathleen Sloan is the Sun’s founder and chief reporter. She can be reached at or 575-297-4146.
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Understanding New Mexico's proposed new social studies standards for K-12 students

“The primary purpose of social studies is to help young people develop the ability to make informed and reasoned decisions for the public good as citizens of a culturally diverse, democratic society in an interdependent world.”
—National Council for the Social Studies 

Reader Michael L. Hayes of Las Cruces commented: What impresses me is that both the proposed standards and some of the criticisms of them are equally grotesque. I make this bold statement on the basis of my experience as a peripatetic high school and college English teacher for 45 years in many states with many students differing in race, religion, gender and socioeconomic background, and as a civic activist (PTA) in public education (My career, however, was as an independent consultant mainly in defense, energy and the environment.)

The proposed social studies standards are conceptually and instructionally flawed. For starters, a “performance standard” is not a standard at all; it is a task. Asking someone to explain something is not unlike asking someone to water the lawn. Nothing measures the performance, but without a measure, there is no standard. The teacher’s subjective judgment will be all that matters, and almost anything will count as satisfying a “performance standard,” even just trying. Students will be left to wonder “what is on the teacher’s mind?” or “have I sucked up enough.”

Four other quick criticisms of the performance standards. One, they are nearly unintelligible because they are written in jargon. PED’s use of jargon in a document intended for the public is worrisome. Bureaucrats often use jargon to confuse or conceal something uninformed, wrong or unworthy. As a result, most parents, some school board members and more than a few teachers do not understand them.

Two, the performance standards are so vague that they fail to define the education which teachers are supposed to teach, students are supposed to learn, and parents are supposed to understand. PED does not define words like “explain” or “describe” so that teachers can apply “standards” consistently and fairly. The standards do not indicate what teachers are supposed to know in order to teach or specify what students are supposed to learn. Supervisors cannot know whether teachers are teaching social studies well or poorly. The standards are so vague that the public, especially parents or guardians, cannot know the content of public education.

Three, many performance standards are simply unrealistic, especially at grade level. Under “Ethnic, Cultural and Identity Performance Standards”; then under “Diversity and Identity”; then under “Kindergarten,” one such standard is: “Identify how their family does things both the same as and different from how other people do things.” Do six-year-olds know how other people do things? Do they know whether these things are relevant to diversity and identity? Or another standard: “Describe their family history, culture, and past to current contributions of people in their main identity groups.” (A proficient writer would have hyphenated the compound adjective to avoid confusing the reader.) Do six-year-olds know so much about these things in relation to their “identity group”? Since teachers obviously do not teach them about these other people and have not taught them about these groups, why are these and similar items in the curriculum; or do teachers assign them to go home and collect this information?

Point four follows from “three”; some information relevant to some performance measures requires a disclosure of personal or family matters. The younger the students, the easier it is for teachers to invade their privacy and not only their privacy, but also the privacy of their parents or guardians, or neighbors, who may never be aware of these disclosures or not become aware of them until afterward. PED has no right to design a curriculum which requires teachers to ask students for information about themselves, parents or guardians, or neighbors, or puts teachers on the spot if the disclosures reveal criminal conduct. (Bill says Jeff’s father plays games in bed with his daughter. Lila says Angelo’s mother gives herself shots in the arm.) Since teacher-student communications have no legal protection to ensure privacy, those disclosures may become public accidentally or deliberately. The effect of these proposal standards is to turn New Mexico schools and teachers into investigative agents of the state and students into little informants or spies.

This PED proposal for social studies standards is a travesty of education despite its appeals to purportedly enlightened principles. It constitutes a clear and present danger to individual liberty and civil liberties. It should be repudiated; its development, investigated; its PED perpetrators, dismissed. No state curriculum should encourage or require the disclosure of private personal information.

I am equally outraged by the comments of some of T or C’s school board members: Christine LaFont and Julianne Stroup, two white Christian women, who belong to one of the larger minorities in America and assume white and Christian privileges. In different terms but for essentially the same reason, both oppose an education which includes lessons about historical events and trends, and social movements and developments, of other minorities. They object to the proposal for the new social studies standards because of its emphasis on individual and group identities not white or Christian. I am not going to reply with specific objections; they are too numerous and too pointed.

Ms. LaFont urges: “It’s better to address what’s similar with all Americans. It’s not good to differentiate.” Ms. Stroup adds: “Our country is not a racist country. We have to teach to respect each other. We have civil rights laws that protect everyone from discrimination. We need to teach civics, love and respect. We need to teach how to be color blind.”

Their desires for unity and homogeneity, and for mutual respect, are a contradiction and an impossibility. Aside from a shared citizenship, which implies acceptance of the Constitution, the rule of law and equality under the law, little else defines Americans. We are additionally defined by our race, religion, national origin, etc. So mutual respect requires individuals to respect others different from themselves. Disrespect desires blacks, Jews or Palestinians to assimilate or to suppress or conceal racial, religious or national origin aspects of their identity. The only people who want erasure of nonwhite, non-Christian, non-American origin aspects of identity are bigots. Ms. LaFont and Ms. Stroud want standards which, by stressing similarities and eliding differences, desire the erasure of such aspects. What they want will result in a social studies curriculum that enables white, Christian, native-born children to grow up to be bigots and all others to be their victims. This would be the academic equivalent of ethnic cleansing.


This postmortem of a case involving a 75-year-old women who went missing from her home in Hillsboro last September sheds light on the bounds of law enforcement’s capacity to respond, especially in large rural jurisdictions such as Sierra County, and underscores the critical role the public, as well as concerned family and friends, can play in assisting a missing person’s search.

Reader Jane Debrott of Hillsboro commented: Thank you for your article on the tragic loss of Betsey. I am a resident of Hillsboro, a friend of Rick and Betsey, and a member of H.E.L.P. The thing that most distresses me now, is the emphasis on Rick’s mis-naming of the color of their car. I fear that this fact will cause Rick to feel that if he had only gotten the facts right, Betsey may have been rescued before it was too late. The incident was a series of unavoidable events, out of everyone’s control, and we will never know what place the correct color of her car may have had in the outcome. It breaks my heart to think that Rick has had one more thing added to his “what ifs” concerning this incident.

Diana Tittle responded: Dear Jane, the Sun undertook this investigation at the request of a Hillsboro resident concerned about the town’s inability to mount a prompt, coordinated response to the disappearance of a neighbor. From the beginning, I shared your concern about how our findings might affect Betsy’s family and friends. After I completed my research and began writing, I weighed each detail I eventually chose to include against my desire to cause no pain and the public’s right to know about the strengths and limitations of law enforcement’s response and the public’s need to know about how to be of meaningful assistance.

There was information I withheld about the state police investigation and the recovery. But I decided to include the issue of the car’s color because the individuals who spotted Betsy’s car emphasized how its color had been key to their identification of it as the vehicle described in Betsy’s Silver Alert. Because the misinformation was corrected within a couple of hours, I also included in this story the following editorial comment meant to put the error in perspective: “The fact that law enforcement throughout the state was on the lookout in the crucial early hours after Betsy’s disappearance for an elderly woman driving a “light blue” instead of a “silver” Accord would, in retrospect, likely not have changed the outcome of the search” [emphasis added].

I would also point to the story’s overarching conclusion about the inadvisability of assigning blame for what happened: “In this case, a perfect storm of unfortunate circumstances, many of them beyond human control, hindered the search that it would fall to Hamilton’s department to lead.”

It is my hope that any pain caused by my reporting will eventually be outweighed by its contribution to a better community understanding of what it will take in the future to mount a successful missing person’s search in rural Sierra County.

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